How to prepare your soil for gardening

June 06, 2019

Planting or gardening is more than just looking for a spot, digging a hole and placing your crop. You need to identify a location that has good sunlight exposure, good drainage and is free of root systems. The first thing you need to do is test the soil to establish its sand and clay content. It is advisable to involve a garden center to check the PH level and nutrient concentration. Here are some of the major ways to prepare your soil for gardening;

  1. Test the soil makeup

    Dig into the soil and grab a handful of it. Check if the soil is sandy or has a lot of clay. Plants do not flourish in sandy or clay soil. To establish whether the soil is good for garden plants, look out for the following signs:

    • A fluffy feel means it’s full of air and receives plenty of oxygen.
    • If the soil has worms and insects, it is fairly rich.
    • A dark brown or nearly black soil means that the soil has a lot of decomposing organic matter, which is rich in nutrients. If it is pale brown or yellow, it’s not rich in nutrients.
  2. Do a nutrients test

    You can use a home t kit to test the pH levels. The ideal pH level should be around 6.0-7.5. You can however add lime to adjust the soil’s pH level. The one demerit of lime is that it can take close to six months to become effective. For a reliable result, take a sample of the soil to a garden store where they can test what nutrients are lacking.

  3. Find out if the soil is wet

    If you are starting a garden especially at the beginning of spring, wait for the soil to dry up. Take a handful of and squeeze; if it stays intact, it’s still too wet for gardening. Keep performing the test every week until your soil is dry enough for garden preparation.

  4. Dig out the area of the plant garden

    Create the perimeter first before breaking the ground in-between. Use a shovel to remove the top layer and remember to dig along the edges of the garden. Later, remove any debris, weeds and rocks.

  5. Cultivate the soil

    Here, use a rototiller rather than your hand for a quick result. Tilling the soil helps break it in preparation for planting.

  6. Add fertilizers into the soil

    Some of the best fertilizers include humus, compost or manure. Pour the fertilizer and spread it using a rake. Press the compost into the tilled ground at least 15cm down with a shovel. Turn the soil to break it up.

  7. Pour topsoil to the surface

The importance of the topsoil is to allow your garden to grow in the present as the current soil prepares itself for future gardening.

At Extreme Irrigation and Lawn, we assist customers when it comes to Tulsa Sprinkler Installation, repair and maintenance. Contact us any time for these services.

 

 

 

 

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